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Migratory Bird Treaty Act

Migratory Bird Treaty Act

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act was enacted in 1918 in the United States. It was a  treaty between the United Kingdom and the United States, in which both countries agreed to prevent the killing, capture or sale of a specific list of migratory birds. Later, several other countries joined the treaty to protect migratory birds. In fact, there are six countries that joined the treaty in total, including Mexico, Russia, Japan and Canada.

The Migratory Bird Treaty act was meant to protect the birds, including nests, feathers and eggs. In fact, dead birds are not excluded from the treaty. Over eight hundred species of migratory birds are on the list, which protects the birds and bird parts from abuse, sale or possession.

It is difficult for just one country to be charged with protecting any migratory species. If for example, only one country in the path of the migratory animal offers it protection, then the animal is in danger during other portions of its travel. For example, if whales are offered protection only in the United States waterways, they are in danger anytime they move outside of United States waterways. Treaties such as the Migratory Bird Treaty Act offers the birds protection, wherever they are on their travels.

Without the act, many specifies may be in danger. In fact, there are many illegal operations which trap and sell migratory birds. However, the act allows for those individuals to be punished to the fullest extend of the law.

Easy Guide To Poaching

Easy Guide To Poaching

Poaching background


Animal poaching generally occurs because there is a financial incentive. For example, farmers may pay to have animal poached so that they do not interfere with livestock. Poachers also kill animals for hides, as well as other parts, such as elephant tusks. In many cases, poachers also kill the adult population of a group of animals in order to make away with babies. There are many animals which can be sold as pets or to the entertainment industry and it is not easy to remove the babies without killing the adult population.

Poaching in Africa

Poaching in Africa occurs with great frequency. There are many animals that are prized as pets and poachers often have to kill the mother in order to take the baby. Those babies are then sold for large amounts of money on the black market. In addition to pets, some of the babies are used in the entertainment industry. Poachers often kill elephants, as their ivory can fetch tens of thousands of dollars on the black market. Tigers and many other animals are often poached simply for their hide.


Baiting often involves food which leads an animal into a trap or to an area where it is easy for a poacher to kill that animal. Baiting may include the use of regular food to lure the animal into a trap, where the animal may be kept alive to sell. More than likely however, poisoned food will be used to kill the animal. This technique is often utilized when a poacher needs to kill an adult animal, so that they can sell the babies to animal dealers.

Migratory birds

Migratory birds are protected in six countries by the migratory Birds Treaty Act of 1918. Although the treaty was originally between the United States an Great Britain, it grew to include four other countries. Migratory birds, over eight hundred types in fact, are protected by the Act, which makes it illegal to sell or posses the birds. In fact no part of the bird may be sold or possessed, including feathers or nests. In fact, dead birds are also protected by the Act.

Poaching Animals

Poaching Animals

Poaching animals is a big problem, especially in certain geographic locations. Poaching may involve the slaughter or endangered species for a variety of reasons. Yet, in most cases, the reason is based on financial incentive. Many times, poaching is done simply for profit.
Poaching animals sometimes occurs because a specific species is causing problems for people in the area. For example, poachers may kill animals for farmers that have had issues with those animals. In some cases, farmers have animals killed in order to protect their flock and in other cases, it is done simply to avert any problems. In addition, farmers often fear that they will be attacked by the animals, in addition to the farm animals being attacked.
The most frequent reason for poaching involves a financial incentive for some part of the animal. For example, some poachers kill animals for the skins of those animals. Certain animals are known for the luxurious coats which are coveted by some individuals, whom are often willing to  pay large sums of money.
Poachers also kill mothers of animals, such as chimpanzees, so that they can get the young and sell them as pets or to the entertainment industry. In some cases, entire groups have been slaughtered, simply to take several babies.
Poaching has been a serious problem in national wildlife parks where endangered species are protected. Unfortunately, it is often the endangered species that are highest on the poachers priority list.